Table Mountain | Table Mountain | Table Mountain National Park | Table Mountain Facts | Information About Table Mountain

 Table Mountain

Table Mountain

Table Mountain is one of South Africa's most iconic landmarks, located in Cape Town. It is celebrated for its unique flat-topped summit, breathtaking views, and rich biodiversity. Here is some information about Table Mountain, including its history, general details, facts, and attractions:

General Information :

Location : Table Mountain is situated in Cape Town, South Africa, forming part of the Table Mountain National Park. It is located at the northern end of the Cape Peninsula.

Geological Formation : The mountain's flat-topped appearance is due to the layers of horizontally bedded sandstone that make up its surface. It's a unique geological formation known as a "mesa."

Elevation: Table Mountain's highest point is Maclear's Beacon, which stands at 1,086 meters (3,563 feet) above sea level.


Indigenous Peoples: Long before European settlers arrived, the indigenous Khoikhoi people referred to the mountain as "Hoerikwaggo" or "Mountain in the Sea." It was a sacred place to them.

Colonial Era: Table Mountain was first climbed by European explorers in the late 15th century, notably by Portuguese explorer António de Saldanha in 1503. In the 17th century, the Dutch East India Company established a refreshment station for sailors at the base of the mountain, laying the foundations for the city of Cape Town.


Table Mountain Aerial Cableway: The Table Mountain Aerial Cableway provides a convenient way to reach the summit. The cable car rotates 360 degrees during the ascent, offering panoramic views of the city and surrounding landscapes.

Hiking Trails: Table Mountain is crisscrossed with a network of hiking trails for all levels of hikers. Some popular routes include Platteklip Gorge, Skeleton Gorge, and India Venster.

Flora and Fauna: The mountain is home to a remarkable diversity of plant species, including many endemic fynbos species. Visitors can also spot wildlife such as dassies (rock hyraxes), porcupines, and a variety of bird species.

Sunset Views: Table Mountain is a fantastic spot to witness breathtaking sunsets over the Atlantic Ocean. Many people hike up in the late afternoon to enjoy this spectacle.

Table Mountain


  • Table Mountain is one of the oldest mountains in the world, estimated to be over 260 million years old.
  • The flat summit area covers approximately 3 square kilometers (1.2 square miles).
  • It's estimated that there are over 2,200 species of plants on Table Mountain, many of which are found nowhere else in the world.
  • Table Mountain is often cloaked in a distinctive layer of clouds known as the "tablecloth." This phenomenon occurs when moist air from the Atlantic Ocean is forced to rise over the mountain, causing condensation.
  • The mountain and its surroundings were declared a national park in 1998, protecting its unique ecosystem and rich biodiversity.
  • Table Mountain is a natural wonder that offers visitors a combination of outdoor adventure, stunning scenery, and a glimpse into the region's history. Whether you take the cable car or hike to the top, the views from the summit are sure to leave a lasting impression.

Table Mountain

Certainly, here are some additional interesting facts and information about Table Mountain:


Table Mountain is part of the Cape Floral Kingdom, which is recognized as one of the world's six floral kingdoms. It's home to a remarkable variety of plant species, many of which are endemic and found nowhere else on Earth. Some of the unique fynbos species include proteas, ericas, and restios.

The mountain's rich biodiversity has led to its designation as a UNESCO World Heritage Site within the Table Mountain National Park. This recognition underscores the importance of conserving the area's unique flora and fauna.

Rocks and Minerals :

The distinctive flat-topped shape of the mountain is due to the erosion-resistant sandstone layers that cap it. Beneath the sandstone, you can find layers of shale and granite.

The mountain is a geological wonder, and it's a great place for geology enthusiasts to explore and study various rock formations.

Mythology :

Table Mountain features prominently in the mythology and folklore of the indigenous Khoikhoi people. According to their legends, the mountain was a giant who was known as "Hoerikwaggo" or "Mountain in the Sea."

Conservation Efforts:

Efforts are ongoing to preserve and protect the unique ecosystem of Table Mountain. These conservation initiatives involve managing invasive species, maintaining hiking trails, and educating visitors about the importance of responsible tourism and conservation.

In addition to hiking and taking the cable car to the summit, Table Mountain offers various outdoor activities, including rock climbing, paragliding, and mountain biking for those seeking adventure.

Table Mountain Cableway:

The Table Mountain Aerial Cableway, which has been in operation since 1929, has carried millions of visitors to the mountain's summit. The cable car's rotating floor provides everyone with a 360-degree view during the ascent.

The weather on Table Mountain can be highly changeable. It's not uncommon for the summit to be covered in cloud or mist. Visitors are advised to dress in layers and be prepared for rapid weather changes.

Sunrise and Sunset:

Table Mountain is also a popular location for watching the sunrise, with early-morning hikers making their way to the summit for the incredible view.
Table Mountain is not only an iconic natural landmark but also a place of ecological significance and rich cultural history. It offers a wide range of experiences, from the tranquility of its natural beauty to the adventure of exploring its hiking trails, making it a must-visit destination in South Africa.

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